18.2.467. MPI_Wtime

MPI_Wtime - Returns an elapsed time on the calling processor.

18.2.467.1. SYNTAX

18.2.467.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

double MPI_Wtime()

18.2.467.1.2. Fortran Syntax

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

18.2.467.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08

18.2.467.2. RETURN VALUE

Time in seconds since an arbitrary time in the past.

18.2.467.3. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Wtime returns a floating-point number of seconds, representing elapsed wall-clock time since some time in the past.

The “time in the past” is guaranteed not to change during the life of the process. The user is responsible for converting large numbers of seconds to other units if they are preferred.

This function is portable (it returns seconds, not “ticks”), it allows high resolution, and carries no unnecessary baggage. One would use it like this:

   double starttime, endtime;
   starttime = MPI_Wtime();
    ....  stuff to be timed  ...
   endtime   = MPI_Wtime();
   printf("That took %f seconds\n",endtime-starttime);

The times returned are local to the node that called them. There is no requirement that different nodes return the “same” time.

18.2.467.4. NOTES

The boolean variable MPI_WTIME_IS_GLOBAL, a predefined attribute key that indicates whether clocks are synchronized, does not have a valid value in Open MPI, as the clocks are not guaranteed to be synchronized.

This function is intended to be a high-resolution, elapsed (or wall) clock. See MPI_Wtick to determine the resolution of MPI_Wtime.

On POSIX platforms, this function may utilize a timer that is cheaper to invoke than the gettimeofday() system call, but will fall back to gettimeofday() if a cheap high-resolution timer is not available. The ompi_info(1) command can be consulted to see if Open MPI supports a native high-resolution timer on your platform; see the value for “MPI_Wtime support” (or “options:mpi-wtime” when viewing the parsable output). If this value is “native”, a method that is likely to be cheaper than gettimeofday() will be used to obtain the time when MPI_Wtime is invoked.

For example, on platforms that support it, the clock_gettime() function will be used to obtain a monotonic clock value with whatever precision is supported on that platform (e.g., nanoseconds).

Note, too, that the MCA parameter opal_timer_require_monotonic can influcence this behavior. It defaults to true, but if set to false, Open MPI may use a finer-grained timing mechanism (e.g., the RDTSC/RDTSCP clock ticks on x86_64 platforms), but is not guaranteed to be monotonic in some cases (e.g., if the MPI process is not bound to a single processor core).

This function does not return an error value. Consequently, the result of calling it before MPI_Init or after MPI_Finalize is undefined.

See also