17.2.35. MPI_Cart_create

MPI_Cart_create — Makes a new communicator to which Cartesian topology information has been attached. SYNTAX C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Cart_create(MPI_Comm comm_old, int ndims, const int dims[],

    const int periods[], int reorder, MPI_Comm *comm_cart) Fortran Syntax

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

    LOGICAL PERIODS(*), REORDER Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08

MPI_Cart_create(comm_old, ndims, dims, periods, reorder, comm_cart, ierror)
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm_old
    INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: ndims, dims(ndims)
    LOGICAL, INTENT(IN) :: periods(ndims), reorder
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(OUT) :: comm_cart

  • comm_old : Input communicator (handle).

  • ndims : Number of dimensions of Cartesian grid (integer).

  • dimsInteger array of size ndims specifying the number of

    processes in each dimension.

  • periodsLogical array of size ndims specifying whether the grid

    is periodic (true) or not (false) in each dimension.

  • reorderRanking may be reordered (true) or not (false)

    (logical). OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • comm_cart : Communicator with new Cartesian topology (handle).

  • ierror : Fortran only: Error status (integer). DESCRIPTION

MPI_Cart_create returns a handle to a new communicator to which the Cartesian topology information is attached. If reorder = false then the rank of each process in the new group is identical to its rank in the old group. Otherwise, the function may reorder the processes (possibly so as to choose a good embedding of the virtual topology onto the physical machine). If the total size of the Cartesian grid is smaller than the size of the group of comm, then some processes are returned MPI_COMM_NULL, in analogy to MPI_Comm_split. The call is erroneous if it specifies a grid that is larger than the group size. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

  • MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.

  • MPI_ERRORS_ABORT An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.

  • MPI_ERRORS_RETURN Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.