18.2.40. MPI_Cart_sub

MPI_Cart_sub - Partitions a communicator into subgroups, which form lower-dimensional Cartesian subgrids.

18.2.40.1. SYNTAX

18.2.40.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Cart_sub(MPI_Comm comm, const int remain_dims[], MPI_Comm *comm_new)

18.2.40.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

MPI_CART_SUB(COMM, REMAIN_DIMS, COMM_NEW, IERROR)
    INTEGER COMM, COMM_NEW, IERROR
    LOGICAL REMAIN_DIMS(*)

18.2.40.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08

MPI_Cart_sub(comm, remain_dims, newcomm, ierror)
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
    LOGICAL, INTENT(IN) :: remain_dims(*)
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(OUT) :: newcomm
    INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.40.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • comm : Communicator with Cartesian structure (handle).

  • remain_dims : The ith entry of remain_dims specifies whether the ith dimension is kept in the subgrid (true) or is dropped (false) (logical vector).

18.2.40.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • comm_new : Communicator containing the subgrid that includes the calling process (handle).

  • IERROR : Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.40.4. DESCRIPTION

If a Cartesian topology has been created with MPI_Cart_create, the function MPI_Cart_sub can be used to partition the communicator group into subgroups that form lower-dimensional Cartesian subgrids, and to build for each subgroup a communicator with the associated subgrid Cartesian topology. (This function is closely related to MPI_Comm_split.)

Example: Assume that MPI_Cart_create( …, comm) has defined a (2 x 3 x 4) grid. Let remain_dims = (true, false, true). Then a call to

MPI_Cart_sub(comm, remain_dims, comm_new)

will create three communicators, each with eight processes in a 2 x 4 Cartesian topology. If remain_dims = (false, false, true) then the call to MPI_Cart_sub(comm, remain_dims, comm_new) will create six nonoverlapping communicators, each with four processes, in a one-dimensional Cartesian topology.

18.2.40.5. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.

See also

MPI_Cart_create