22.214.171.124.1. C Syntax
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Barrier(MPI_Comm) int MPI_Ibarrier(MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Request *request) int MPI_Barrier_init(MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Info info, MPI_Request *request)
126.96.36.199.2. Fortran Syntax
USE MPI ! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_BARRIER(COMM, IERROR) INTEGER COMM, IERROR MPI_IBARRIER(COMM, REQUEST, IERROR) INTEGER COMM, REQUEST, IERROR MPI_BARRIER_INIT(COMM, INFO, REQUEST, IERROR) INTEGER COMM, INFO, REQUEST, IERROR
188.8.131.52.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax
USE mpi_f08 MPI_Barrier(comm, ierror) TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror MPI_Ibarrier(comm, request, ierror) TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT (OUT) :: request INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror MPI_Barrier_init(comm, info, request, ierror) TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT (OUT) :: request INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror
184.108.40.206. INPUT PARAMETER
comm: Communicator (handle).
info: Info (handle, persistent only).
220.127.116.11. OUTPUT PARAMETERS
request: Request (handle, non-blocking only).
ierror: Fortran only: Error status (integer).
An MPI barrier completes after all groups members have entered the barrier.
18.104.22.168. When Communicator is an Inter-Communicator
When the communicator is an inter-communicator, the barrier operation is performed across all processes in both groups. All processes in the first group may exit the barrier when all processes in the second group have entered the barrier.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.
Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:
MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATALCauses the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORTAn error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURNReturns an error code to the application.
MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:
Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.
See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.