17.2.125. MPI_File_preallocate

MPI_File_preallocate - Preallocates a specified amount of storage space at the beginning of a file (collective).

17.2.125.1. SYNTAX

17.2.125.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_File_preallocate(MPI_File fh, MPI_Offset size)

17.2.125.1.2. Fortran Syntax (see FORTRAN 77 NOTES)

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_FILE_PREALLOCATE(FH, SIZE, IERROR)
     INTEGER FH, IERROR
     INTEGER(KIND=MPI_OFFSET_KIND)   SIZE

17.2.125.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_File_preallocate(fh, size, ierror)
     TYPE(MPI_File), INTENT(IN) :: fh
     INTEGER(KIND=MPI_OFFSET_KIND), INTENT(IN) :: size
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

17.2.125.2. INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETER

  • fh: File handle (handle).

17.2.125.3. INPUT PARAMETER

  • size: Size to preallocate file, in bytes (integer).

17.2.125.4. OUTPUT PARAMETER

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.125.5. DESCRIPTION

MPI_File_preallocate ensures that storage space is allocated for the first size bytes of the file associated with fh. MPI_File_preallocate can be a very time-consuming operation.

MPI_File_preallocate is collective; all processes in the group must pass identical values for size. Regions of the file that have previously been written are unaffected. For newly allocated regions of the file, MPI_File_preallocate has the same effect as writing undefined data. If size is larger than the current file size, the file size increases to size. If size is less than or equal to the current file size, the file size is unchanged.

The treatment of file pointers, pending nonblocking accesses, and file consistency is the same as with MPI_File_set_size. If MPI_MODE_SEQUENTIAL mode was specified when the file was opened, it is erroneous to call this routine.

17.2.125.6. FORTRAN 77 NOTES

The MPI standard prescribes portable Fortran syntax for the SIZE argument only for Fortran 90. FORTRAN 77 users may use the non-portable syntax

INTEGER*MPI_OFFSET_KIND SIZE

where MPI_OFFSET_KIND is a constant defined in mpif.h and gives the length of the declared integer in bytes.

17.2.125.7. NOTES

When using the collective routine MPI_File_set_size on a UNIX file, if the size that is set is smaller than the current file size, the file is truncated at the position defined by size. If the size is set to be larger than the current file size, the file size becomes the set size. When the file size is increased this way with MPI_File_set_size, new regions are created in the file with displacements between the old file size and the larger, newly set file size.

Sun MPI I/O does not necessarily allocate file space for such new regions. You may reserve file space either by using MPI_File_preallocate or by performing a read or write to certain bytes.

17.2.125.8. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.