MPI_Group_difference - Makes a group from the difference of two groups.
126.96.36.199.1. C Syntax
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Group_difference(MPI_Group group1, MPI_Group group2, MPI_Group *newgroup)
188.8.131.52.2. Fortran Syntax
USE MPI ! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_GROUP_DIFFERENCE(GROUP1, GROUP2, NEWGROUP, IERROR) INTEGER GROUP1, GROUP2, NEWGROUP, IERROR
184.108.40.206.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax
USE mpi_f08 MPI_Group_difference(group1, group2, newgroup, ierror) TYPE(MPI_Group), INTENT(IN) :: group1, group2 TYPE(MPI_Group), INTENT(OUT) :: newgroup INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror
220.127.116.11. INPUT PARAMETERS
group1 : First group (handle).
group2 : Second group (handle).
18.104.22.168. OUTPUT PARAMETERS
newgroup : Difference group (handle).
IERROR : Fortran only: Error status (integer).
The set-like operations are defined as follows:
union – All elements of the first group (group1), followed by all elements of second group (group2) that are not in the first group
intersect – all elements of the first group that are also in the second group, ordered as in first group
difference – all elements of the first group that are not in the second group, ordered as in the first group
Note that for these operations the order of processes in the output group is determined primarily by order in the first group (if possible) and then, if necessary, by order in the second group. Neither union nor intersection are commutative, but both are associative.
The new group can be empty, that is, equal to MPI_GROUP_EMPTY.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.
In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.
Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:
MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes. MPI_ERRORS_ABORT: An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process. MPI_ERRORS_RETURN: Returns an error code to the application.
MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.
Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.
See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.
See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.