18.2.458. MPI_Win_start

MPI_Win_start - Starts an RMA access epoch for win

18.2.458.1. SYNTAX

18.2.458.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Win_start(MPI_Group group, int assert, MPI_Win win)

18.2.458.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_WIN_START(GROUP, ASSERT, WIN, IERROR)
     INTEGER GROUP, ASSERT, WIN, IERROR

18.2.458.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Win_start(group, assert, win, ierror)
     TYPE(MPI_Group), INTENT(IN) :: group
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: assert
     TYPE(MPI_Win), INTENT(IN) :: win
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.458.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • group: The group of target processes (handle).

  • assert: Program assertion (integer).

  • win: Window object (handle).

18.2.458.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.458.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Win_start is a one-sided MPI communication synchronization call that starts an RMA access epoch for win. RMA calls issued on win during this epoch must access only windows at processes in group. Each process in group must issue a matching call to MPI_Win_post. MPI_Win_start is allowed to block until the corresponding MPI_Win_post calls have been executed, but is not required to.

The assert argument is used to provide assertions on the context of the call that may be used for various optimizations. (See Section 6.4.4 of the MPI-2 Standard.) A value of assert = 0 is always valid. The following assertion value is supported:

MPI_MODE_NOCHECK

When this value is passed in to this call, the library assumes that the post call on the target has been called and it is not necessary for the library to check to see if such a call has been made.

18.2.458.5. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.