18.2.255. MPI_Mprobe

MPI_Mprobe - Blocking matched probe for a message.

18.2.255.1. SYNTAX

18.2.255.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Mprobe(int source, int tag, MPI_Comm comm,
     MPI_Message *message, MPI_Status *status)

18.2.255.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_MPROBE(SOURCE, TAG, COMM, MESSAGE, STATUS, IERROR)
     INTEGER SOURCE, TAG, COMM, MESSAGE
     INTEGER STATUS(MPI_STATUS_SIZE), IERROR

18.2.255.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Mprobe(source, tag, comm, message, status, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: source, tag
     TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
     TYPE(MPI_Message), INTENT(OUT) :: message
     TYPE(MPI_Status) :: status
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.255.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • source: Source rank or MPI_ANY_SOURCE (integer).

  • tag: Tag value or MPI_ANY_TAG (integer).

  • comm: Communicator (handle).

18.2.255.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • message: Message (handle).

  • status: Status object (status).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.255.4. DESCRIPTION

Like MPI_Probe and MPI_Iprobe, the MPI_Mprobe and MPI_Improbe operations allow incoming messages to be queried without actually receiving them, except that MPI_Mprobe and MPI_Improbe provide a mechanism to receive the specific message that was matched regardless of other intervening probe or receive operations. This gives the application an opportunity to decide how to receive the message, based on the information returned by the probe. In particular, the application may allocate memory for the receive buffer according to the length of the probed message.

A matching probe with MPI_PROC_NULL as source returns message = MPI_MESSAGE_NO_PROC, and the status object returns source = MPI_PROC_NULL, tag = MPI_ANY_TAG, and count = 0.

When MPI_Mprobe returns (from a non-MPI_PROC_NULL source), the matched message can then be received by passing the message handle to the MPI_Mrecv or MPI_Imrecv functions.

18.2.255.5. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.