17.2.395. MPI_Type_dup

MPI_Type_dup — Duplicates a data type with associated key values.

17.2.395.1. SYNTAX

17.2.395.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Type_dup(MPI_Datatype type, MPI_Datatype *newtype)

17.2.395.1.2. Fortran Syntax

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

17.2.395.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Type_dup(oldtype, newtype, ierror)
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: oldtype
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(OUT) :: newtype


  • type: Data type (handle).


  • newtype: Copy of type (handle).

  • ierror: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.395.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Type_dup is a type constructor that duplicates the existing type with associated key values. For each key value, the respective copy callback function determines the attribute value associated with this key in the new communicator. One particular action that a copy callback may take is to delete the attribute from the new data type. Returns in newtype a new data type with exactly the same properties as type, as well as any copied cached information. The new data type has identical upper bound and lower bound and yields the same net result when fully decoded with the functions described in Section 8.6 of the MPI-2 standard. newtype has the same committed state as the old type.

17.2.395.5. NOTES

Note that it is not defined by the MPI standard what happens if the attribute copy callback invokes other MPI functions. In Open MPI, it is not valid for attribute copy callbacks (or any of their children) to add or delete attributes on the same object on which the attribute copy callback is being invoked.

17.2.395.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

  • MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.

  • MPI_ERRORS_ABORT An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.

  • MPI_ERRORS_RETURN Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.