17.2.214. MPI_Ineighbor_alltoallv

MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv, MPI_Ineighbor_alltoallv, MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv_init - All processes send different amounts of data to, and receive different amounts of data from, all neighbors

17.2.214.1. SYNTAX

17.2.214.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv(const void *sendbuf, const int sendcounts[],
     const int sdispls[], MPI_Datatype sendtype,
     void *recvbuf, const int recvcounts[],
     const int rdispls[], MPI_Datatype recvtype, MPI_Comm comm)

int MPI_Ineighbor_alltoallv(const void *sendbuf, const int sendcounts[],
     const int sdispls[], MPI_Datatype sendtype,
     void *recvbuf, const int recvcounts[],
     const int rdispls[], MPI_Datatype recvtype, MPI_Comm comm,
     MPI_Request *request)

int MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv_init(const void *sendbuf, const int sendcounts[],
     const int sdispls[], MPI_Datatype sendtype,
     void *recvbuf, const int recvcounts[],
     const int rdispls[], MPI_Datatype recvtype, MPI_Comm comm,
     MPI_Info info, MPI_Request *request)

17.2.214.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_NEIGHBOR_ALLTOALLV(SENDBUF, SENDCOUNTS, SDISPLS, SENDTYPE,
     RECVBUF, RECVCOUNTS, RDISPLS, RECVTYPE, COMM, IERROR)

     <type>  SENDBUF(*), RECVBUF(*)
     INTEGER SENDCOUNTS(*), SDISPLS(*), SENDTYPE
     INTEGER RECVCOUNTS(*), RDISPLS(*), RECVTYPE
     INTEGER COMM, IERROR

MPI_INEIGHBOR_ALLTOALLV(SENDBUF, SENDCOUNTS, SDISPLS, SENDTYPE,
     RECVBUF, RECVCOUNTS, RDISPLS, RECVTYPE, COMM, REQUEST, IERROR)

     <type>  SENDBUF(*), RECVBUF(*)
     INTEGER SENDCOUNTS(*), SDISPLS(*), SENDTYPE
     INTEGER RECVCOUNTS(*), RDISPLS(*), RECVTYPE
     INTEGER COMM, REQUEST, IERROR

MPI_NEIGHBOR_ALLTOALLV_INIT(SENDBUF, SENDCOUNTS, SDISPLS, SENDTYPE,
     RECVBUF, RECVCOUNTS, RDISPLS, RECVTYPE, COMM, INFO, REQUEST, IERROR)

     <type>  SENDBUF(*), RECVBUF(*)
     INTEGER SENDCOUNTS(*), SDISPLS(*), SENDTYPE
     INTEGER RECVCOUNTS(*), RDISPLS(*), RECVTYPE
     INTEGER COMM, INFO, REQUEST, IERROR

17.2.214.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv(sendbuf, sendcounts, sdispls, sendtype, recvbuf,
             recvcounts, rdispls, recvtype, comm, ierror)

     TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), INTENT(IN) :: sendbuf
     TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..) :: recvbuf
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: sendcounts(*), sdispls(*), recvcounts(*),
     rdispls(*)
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: sendtype, recvtype
     TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

MPI_Ineighbor_alltoallv(sendbuf, sendcounts, sdispls, sendtype, recvbuf,
             recvcounts, rdispls, recvtype, comm, request, ierror)

     TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), INTENT(IN), ASYNCHRONOUS :: sendbuf
     TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), ASYNCHRONOUS :: recvbuf
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN), ASYNCHRONOUS :: sendcounts(*), sdispls(*),
     recvcounts(*), rdispls(*)
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: sendtype, recvtype
     TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
     TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT(OUT) :: request
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv_init(sendbuf, sendcounts, sdispls, sendtype, recvbuf,
             recvcounts, rdispls, recvtype, comm, info, request, ierror)

     TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), INTENT(IN), ASYNCHRONOUS :: sendbuf
     TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), ASYNCHRONOUS :: recvbuf
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN), ASYNCHRONOUS :: sendcounts(*), sdispls(*),
     recvcounts(*), rdispls(*)
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: sendtype, recvtype
     TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
     TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info
     TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT(OUT) :: request
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

17.2.214.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • sendbuf: Starting address of send buffer.

  • sendcounts: Integer array, where entry i specifies the number of elements to send to neighbor i.

  • sdispls: Integer array, where entry i specifies the displacement (offset from sendbuf, in units of sendtype) from which to send data to neighbor i.

  • sendtype: Datatype of send buffer elements.

  • recvcounts: Integer array, where entry j specifies the number of elements to receive from neighbor j.

  • rdispls: Integer array, where entry j specifies the displacement (offset from recvbuf, in units of recvtype) to which data from neighbor j should be written.

  • recvtype: Datatype of receive buffer elements.

  • comm: Communicator over which data is to be exchanged.

  • info: Info (handle, persistent only).

17.2.214.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • recvbuf: Address of receive buffer.

  • request: Request (handle, non-blocking only).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status.

17.2.214.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Neighbor_alltoallv is a generalized collective operation in which all processes send data to and receive data from all neighbors. It adds flexibility to MPI_Neighbor_alltoall by allowing the user to specify data to send and receive vector-style (via a displacement and element count). The operation of this routine can be thought of as follows, where each process performs 2n (n being the number of neighbors in to topology of communicator comm) independent point-to-point communications. The neighbors and buffer layout are determined by the topology of comm.

MPI_Cart_get(comm, maxdims, dims, periods, coords);
for (dim = 0, i = 0 ; dim < dims ; ++dim) {
    MPI_Cart_shift(comm, dim, 1, &r0, &r1);
    MPI_Isend(sendbuf + sdispls[i]  * extent(sendtype),
              sendcount, sendtype, r0, ..., comm, ...);
    MPI_Irecv(recvbuf + rdispls[i] * extent(recvtype),
              recvcount, recvtype, r0, ..., comm, ...);
    ++i;
    MPI_Isend(sendbuf + sdispls[i] * extent(sendtype),
              sendcount, sendtype, r1, ..., comm, &req[i]);
    MPI_Irecv(recvbuf + rdispls[i] * extent(recvtype),
              recvcount, recvtype, r1, ..., comm, ...);
    ++i;
}

Process j sends the k-th block of its local sendbuf to neighbor k, which places the data in the j-th block of its local recvbuf.

When a pair of processes exchanges data, each may pass different element count and datatype arguments so long as the sender specifies the same amount of data to send (in bytes) as the receiver expects to receive.

Note that process i may send a different amount of data to process j than it receives from process j. Also, a process may send entirely different amounts of data to different processes in the communicator.

17.2.214.5. NEIGHBOR ORDERING

For a distributed graph topology, created with MPI_Dist_graph_create, the sequence of neighbors in the send and receive buffers at each process is defined as the sequence returned by MPI_Dist_graph_neighbors for destinations and sources, respectively. For a general graph topology, created with MPI_Graph_create, the order of neighbors in the send and receive buffers is defined as the sequence of neighbors as returned by MPI_Graph_neighbors. Note that general graph topologies should generally be replaced by the distributed graph topologies.

For a Cartesian topology, created with MPI_Cart_create, the sequence of neighbors in the send and receive buffers at each process is defined by order of the dimensions, first the neighbor in the negative direction and then in the positive direction with displacement 1. The numbers of sources and destinations in the communication routines are 2*ndims with ndims defined in MPI_Cart_create. If a neighbor does not exist, i.e., at the border of a Cartesian topology in the case of a non-periodic virtual grid dimension (i.e., periods[…]==false), then this neighbor is defined to be MPI_PROC_NULL.

If a neighbor in any of the functions is MPI_PROC_NULL, then the neighborhood collective communication behaves like a point-to-point communication with MPI_PROC_NULL in this direction. That is, the buffer is still part of the sequence of neighbors but it is neither communicated nor updated.

17.2.214.6. NOTES

The MPI_IN_PLACE option for sendbuf is not meaningful for this operation.

The specification of counts and displacements should not cause any location to be written more than once.

All arguments on all processes are significant. The comm argument, in particular, must describe the same communicator on all processes.

The offsets of sdispls and rdispls are measured in units of sendtype and recvtype, respectively. Compare this to MPI_Neighbor_alltoallw, where these offsets are measured in bytes.

17.2.214.7. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.