18.2.388. MPI_Type_create_keyval

MPI_Type_create_keyval - Generates a new attribute key for caching on data types.

18.2.388.1. SYNTAX

18.2.388.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Type_create_keyval(MPI_Type_copy_attr_function *type_copy_attr_fn,
     MPI_Type_delete_attr_function *type_delete_attr_fn,
     int *type_keyval, void *extra_state)

18.2.388.1.2. Fortran Syntax (see FORTRAN 77 NOTES)

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_TYPE_CREATE_KEYVAL(TYPE_COPY_ATTR_FN, TYPE_DELETE_ATTR_FN,
             TYPE_KEYVAL, EXTRA_STATE, IERROR)
     EXTERNAL TYPE_COPY_ATTR_FN, TYPE_DELETE_ATTR_FN
     INTEGER TYPE_KEYVAL, IERROR
     INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) EXTRA_STATE

18.2.388.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Type_create_keyval(type_copy_attr_fn, type_delete_attr_fn, type_keyval,
             extra_state, ierror)
     PROCEDURE(MPI_Type_copy_attr_function) :: type_copy_attr_fn
     PROCEDURE(MPI_Type_delete_attr_function) :: type_delete_attr_fn
     INTEGER, INTENT(OUT) :: type_keyval
     INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND), INTENT(IN) :: extra_state
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.388.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • type_copy_attr_fn: Copy callback function for type_keyval (function).

  • type_delete_attr_fn: Delete callback function for type_keyval (function).

  • extra_state: Extra state for callback functions.

18.2.388.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • type_keyval: Key value for future access (integer).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.388.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Type_create_keyval generates a new attribute key for caching on data types. This routine partially replaces MPI_Keyval_create.

The argument type_copy_attr_fn may be specified as MPI_TYPE_NULL_COPY_FN or MPI_TYPE_DUP_FN from C or Fortran. MPI_TYPE_NULL_COPY_FN is a function that does nothing other than returning flag = 0 and MPI_SUCCESS. MPI_TYPE_DUP_FN is a simple-minded copy function that sets flag = 1, returns the value of attribute_val_in in attribute_val_out, and returns MPI_SUCCESS.

The argument type_delete_attr_fn may be specified as MPI_TYPE_NULL_DELETE_FN from C or Fortran. MPI_TYPE_NULL_DELETE_FN is a function that does nothing beyond returning MPI_SUCCESS. The C callback functions are:

typedef int MPI_Type_copy_attr_function(MPI_Datatype oldtype,
            int type_keyval, void *extra_state, void *attribute_val_in,
            void *attribute_val_out, int *flag);

and

typedef int MPI_Type_delete_attr_function(MPI_Datatype type, int type_keyval,
             void *attribute_val, void *extra_state);

The Fortran callback functions are:

SUBROUTINE TYPE_COPY_ATTR_FN(OLDTYPE, TYPE_KEYVAL, EXTRA_STATE,
             ATTRIBUTE_VAL_IN, ATTRIBUTE_VAL_OUT, FLAG, IERROR)
    INTEGER OLDTYPE, TYPE KEYVAL, IERROR
    INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) EXTRA_STATE,
        ATTRIBUTE_VAL_IN, ATTRIBUTE_VAL_OUT
    LOGICAL FLAG

and

SUBROUTINE TYPE_DELETE_ATTR_FN(TYPE, TYPE_KEYVAL, ATTRIBUTE_VAL, EXTRA_STATE,
             IERROR)
    INTEGER TYPE, TYPE_KEYVAL, IERROR
    INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) ATTRIBUTE VAL, EXTRA_STATE

18.2.388.5. FORTRAN 77 NOTES

The MPI standard prescribes portable Fortran syntax for the EXTRA_STATE argument only for Fortran 90. FORTRAN 77 users may use the non-portable syntax

INTEGER*MPI_ADDRESS_KIND EXTRA_STATE

where MPI_ADDRESS_KIND is a constant defined in mpif.h and gives the length of the declared integer in bytes.

18.2.388.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.