17.2.383. MPI_Type_create_f90_complex

MPI_Type_create_f90_complex - Returns a bounded MPI complex datatype

17.2.383.1. SYNTAX

17.2.383.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Type_create_f90_complex(int p, int r,
     MPI_Datatype *newtype)

17.2.383.1.2. Fortran Syntax

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

17.2.383.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Type_create_f90_complex(p, r, newtype, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: p, r
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(OUT) :: newtype


  • p: Precision, in decimal digits (integer).

  • r: Decimal exponent range (integer).


  • newtype: New data type (handle).

  • ierror: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.383.4. DESCRIPTION

This function provides a way to declare KIND-parameterized COMPLEX MPI datatypes. The arguments are interpreted in a similar fashion to the F90 function SELECTED_REAL_KIND. The parameters p and r must be scalar integers. The argument p represents the required level of numerical precision, in decimal digits. The r parameter indicates the range of exponents desired: the returned datatype will have at least one exponent between +r and -r (inclusive).

Either p or r, but not both, may be omitted from calls to SELECTED_REAL_KIND. Similarly, either argument to MPI_Type_create_f90_complex may be set to MPI_UNDEFINED.

17.2.383.5. NOTES

It is erroneous to supply values for p and r not supported by the compiler.

The Fortran function SELECTED_REAL_KIND maps a large number of (p,r) pairs to a much smaller number of KIND parameters supported by the compiler. KIND parameters are not specified by the language and are not portable. From the point of view of the language, variables of the same base type and KIND parameter are equivalent, even if their KIND parameters were generated by different (p,r) arguments to SELECTED_REAL_KIND. However, to help facilitate interoperability in a heterogeneous environment, equivalency is more strictly defined for datatypes returned by MPI_Type_create_f90_complex. Two MPI datatypes, each generated by this function, will match if and only if they have identical values for both p and r.

The interaction between the datatypes returned by this function and the external32 data representation - used by MPI_Pack_external, MPI_Unpack_external, and many MPI_File functions - is subtle. The external32 representation of returned datatypes is as follows.

if (p > 33) and/or (r > 4931):
        external32 size = n/a (undefined)
else if (p > 15) and/or (r > 307):
        external32 size = 32
else if (p > 6) and/or (r > 37):
        external32 size = 16
        external32 size = 8

If the external32 representation of a datatype is undefined, so are the results of using that datatype in operations that require the external32 format. Care should be taken not to use incompatible datatypes indirectly, e.g., as part of another datatype or through a duplicated datatype, in these functions.

If a variable is declared specifying a nondefault KIND value that was not obtained with SELECTED_REAL_KIND (i.e., p and/or r are unknown), the only way to obtain a matching MPI datatype is to use the functions MPI_Sizeof and MPI_Type_match_size.

17.2.383.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

  • MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.

  • MPI_ERRORS_ABORT An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.

  • MPI_ERRORS_RETURN Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.