18.2.417.1.1. C Syntax
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Type_struct(int count, int *array_of_blocklengths, MPI_Aint *array_of_displacements, MPI_Datatype *array_of_types, MPI_Datatype *newtype)
18.2.417.1.2. Fortran Syntax
USE MPI ! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_TYPE_STRUCT(COUNT, ARRAY_OF_BLOCKLENGTHS, ARRAY_OF_DISPLACEMENTS, ARRAY_OF_TYPES, NEWTYPE, IERROR) INTEGER COUNT, ARRAY_OF_BLOCKLENGTHS(*) INTEGER ARRAY_OF_DISPLACEMENTS(*) INTEGER ARRAY_OF_TYPES(*), NEWTYPE, IERROR
18.2.417.2. INPUT PARAMETERS
count: Number of blocks (integer) also number of entries in arrays array_of_types, array_of_displacements, and array_of_blocklengths.
array_of_blocklengths: Number of elements in each block (array).
array_of_displacements: Byte displacement of each block (array).
array_of_types: Type of elements in each block (array of handles to datatype objects).
18.2.417.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS
newtype: New datatype (handle).
ierror: Fortran only: Error status (integer).
Note that use of this routine is deprecated as of MPI-2. For details of use, see MPI_Type_create_struct.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.
Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:
MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATALCauses the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORTAn error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURNReturns an error code to the application.
MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:
Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.
See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.