18.2.391. MPI_Type_create_subarray

MPI_Type_create_subarray - Creates a data type describing an n-dimensional subarray of an n-dimensional array.

18.2.391.1. SYNTAX

18.2.391.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Type_create_subarray(int ndims, const int array_of_sizes[],
    const int array_of_subsizes[], const int array_of_starts[],
    int order, MPI_Datatype oldtype, MPI_Datatype *newtype)

18.2.391.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_TYPE_CREATE_SUBARRAY(NDIMS, ARRAY_OF_SIZES, ARRAY_OF_SUBSIZES,
     ARRAY_OF_STARTS, ORDER, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR)

     INTEGER NDIMS, ARRAY_OF_SIZES(*), ARRAY_OF_SUBSIZES(*),
     ARRAY_OF_STARTS(*), ORDER, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR

18.2.391.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Type_create_subarray(ndims, array_of_sizes, array_of_subsizes,
             array_of_starts, order, oldtype, newtype, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: ndims, array_of_sizes(ndims),
     array_of_subsizes(ndims), array_of_starts(ndims), order
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: oldtype
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(OUT) :: newtype
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.391.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • ndims: Number of array dimensions (positive integer).

  • array_of_sizes: Number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the full array (array of positive integers).

  • array_of_subsizes: Number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the subarray (array of positive integers).

  • array_of_starts: Starting coordinates of the subarray in each dimension (array of nonnegative integers).

  • order: Array storage order flag (state).

  • oldtype: Array element data type (handle).

18.2.391.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • newtype: New data type (handle).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.391.4. DESCRIPTION

The subarray type constructor creates an MPI data type describing an n-dimensional subarray of an n-dimensional array. The subarray may be situated anywhere within the full array, and may be of any nonzero size up to the size of the larger array as long as it is confined within this array. This type constructor facilitates creating file types to access arrays distributed in blocks among processes to a single file that contains the global array.

This type constructor can handle arrays with an arbitrary number of dimensions and works for both C- and Fortran-ordered matrices (that is, row-major or column-major). Note that a C program may use Fortran order and a Fortran program may use C order.

The ndims parameter specifies the number of dimensions in the full data array and gives the number of elements in array_of_sizes, array_of_subsizes, and array_of_starts.

The number of elements of type oldtype in each dimension of the n-dimensional array and the requested subarray are specified by array_of_sizes and array_of_subsizes, respectively. For any dimension i, it is erroneous to specify array_of_subsizes[i] < 1 or array_of_subsizes[i] > array of sizes[i].

The array_of_starts contains the starting coordinates of each dimension of the subarray. Arrays are assumed to be indexed starting from zero. For any dimension i, it is erroneous to specify

array_of_starts[i] < 0

or

array_of_starts[i] > (array_of_sizes[i] - array_of_subsizes[i]).

The order argument specifies the storage order for the subarray as well as the full array. It must be set to one of the following:

  • MPI_ORDER_C: The ordering used by C arrays, (that is, row-major order)

  • MPI_ORDER_FORTRAN: The ordering used by Fortran arrays, (that is, column-major order)

A ndims-dimensional subarray (newtype) with no extra padding can be defined by the function Subarray() as follows:

newtype = Subarray(ndims, {size_0, size_1,..., size_ndims-1},
          {subsize_0, subsize_1, ..., subsize_ndims-1},
          {start_0, start_1, ..., start_ndims-1}, oldtype)

Let the typemap of oldtype have the form:

{(type_0, disp_0), (type_1, disp_1), ..., (type_n-1, disp_n-1)}

where typei is a predefined MPI data type, and let ex be the extent of oldtype.

The Subarray() function is defined recursively in three equations on page 72 of the MPI-2 standard.

For an example use of MPI_Type_create_subarray in the context of I/O, see Section 9.9.2 of the MPI-2 standard.

18.2.391.5. NOTES

In a Fortran program with arrays indexed starting from 1, if the starting coordinate of a particular dimension of the subarray is n, then the entry in array of starts for that dimension is n-1.

18.2.391.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.