188.8.131.52.1. C Syntax
#include <mpi.h> int MPI_Bcast(void *buffer, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype, int root, MPI_Comm comm) int MPI_Ibcast(void *buffer, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype, int root, MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Request *request)
184.108.40.206.2. Fortran Syntax
USE MPI ! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_BCAST(BUFFER, COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, IERROR) <type> BUFFER(*) INTEGER COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, IERROR MPI_IBCAST(BUFFER, COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, REQUEST, IERROR) <type> BUFFER(*) INTEGER COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, REQUEST, IERROR
220.127.116.11.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax
USE mpi_f08 MPI_Bcast(buffer, count, datatype, root, comm, ierror) TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..) :: buffer INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: count, root TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: datatype TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror MPI_Ibcast(buffer, count, datatype, root, comm, request, ierror) TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), ASYNCHRONOUS :: buffer INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: count, root TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: datatype TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT(OUT) :: request INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror
18.104.22.168. INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETERS
buffer: Starting address of buffer (choice).
count: Number of entries in buffer (integer).
datatype: Data type of buffer (handle).
root: Rank of broadcast root (integer).
comm: Communicator (handle).
22.214.171.124. OUTPUT PARAMETERS
request: Request (handle, non-blocking only).
IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).
MPI_Bcast broadcasts a message from the process with rank root to
all processes of the group, itself included. It is called by all members
of group using the same arguments for
root. On return, the
contents of root’s communication buffer has been copied to all
General, derived datatypes are allowed for datatype. The type signature of count, datatype on any process must be equal to the type signature o f count, datatype at the root. This implies that the amount of data sent must be equal to the amount received, pairwise between each process and the root. MPI_Bcast and all other data-movement collective routines make this restriction. Distinct type maps between sender and receiver are still allowed.
Example: Broadcast 100 ints from process 0 to every process in the group.
MPI_Comm comm; int array; int root=0; //... MPI_Bcast( array, 100, MPI_INT, root, comm);
As in many of our sample code fragments, we assume that some of the variables (such as comm in the example above) have been assigned appropriate values.
126.96.36.199. WHEN COMMUNICATOR IS AN INTER-COMMUNICATOR
When the communicator is an inter-communicator, the root process in the
first group broadcasts data to all the processes in the second group.
The first group defines the root process. That process uses MPI_ROOT
as the value of its
root argument. The remaining processes use
MPI_PROC_NULL as the value of their
root argument. All processes
in the second group use the rank of that root process in the first group
as the value of their
root argument. The receive buffer arguments of
the processes in the second group must be consistent with the send
buffer argument of the root process in the first group.
This function does not support the in-place option.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.