MPI_Win_create - One-sided MPI call that returns a window object for RMA operations.
17.2.430.1.1. C Syntax
#include <mpi.h> MPI_Win_create(void *base, MPI_Aint size, int disp_unit, MPI_Info info, MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Win *win)
17.2.430.1.2. Fortran Syntax (see FORTRAN 77 NOTES)
USE MPI ! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h' MPI_WIN_CREATE(BASE, SIZE, DISP_UNIT, INFO, COMM, WIN, IERROR) <type> BASE(*) INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) SIZE INTEGER DISP_UNIT, INFO, COMM, WIN, IERROR
17.2.430.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax
USE mpi_f08 MPI_Win_create(base, size, disp_unit, info, comm, win, ierror) TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), ASYNCHRONOUS :: base INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND), INTENT(IN) :: size INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: disp_unit TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm TYPE(MPI_Win), INTENT(OUT) :: win INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror
17.2.430.2. INPUT PARAMETERS
base: Initial address of window (choice).
size: Size of window in bytes (nonnegative integer).
disp_unit: Local unit size for displacements, in bytes (positive integer).
info: Info argument (handle).
comm: Communicator (handle).
17.2.430.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS
win: Window object returned by the call (handle).
IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).
MPI_Win_create is a one-sided MPI communication collective call executed by all processes in the group of comm. It returns a window object that can be used by these processes to perform RMA operations. Each process specifies a window of existing memory that it exposes to RMA accesses by the processes in the group of comm. The window consists of size bytes, starting at address base. A process may elect to expose no memory by specifying size = 0.
The displacement unit argument is provided to facilitate address arithmetic in RMA operations: the target displacement argument of an RMA operation is scaled by the factor disp_unit specified by the target process, at window creation.
The following info keys are supported:
If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the local window is never locked (by a call to MPI_Win_lock or MPI_Win_lock_all). Setting this value if only active synchronization may allow the implementation to enable certain optimizations.
By default, accumulate operations from one initiator to one target on the same window memory location are strictly ordered. If the info key accumulate_ordering is set to none, no ordering of accumulate operations guaranteed. They key can also be a comma-separated list of required orderings consisting of rar, war, raw, and waw for read-after-read, write-after-read, read-after-write, and write-after-write, respectively. Looser ordering constraints are likely to result in improved performance.
If set to same_op, the implementation will assume that all concurrent accumulate calls to the same target address will use the same operation. If set to same_op_no_op, then the implementation will assume that all concurrent accumulate calls to the same target address will use the same operation or MPI_NO_OP. The default is same_op_no_op.
If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the argument size is identical on all processes, and that all processes have provided this info key with the same value.
If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the argument disp_unit is identical on all processes, and that all processes have provided this info key with the same value.
Common choices for disp_unit are 1 (no scaling), and (in C syntax) sizeof(type), for a window that consists of an array of elements of type type. The later choice will allow one to use array indices in RMA calls, and have those scaled correctly to byte displacements, even in a heterogeneous environment.
Use memory allocated by MPI_Alloc_mem to guarantee properly aligned window boundaries (such as word, double-word, cache line, page frame, and so on).
17.2.430.6. FORTRAN 77 NOTES
The MPI standard prescribes portable Fortran syntax for the SIZE argument only for Fortran 90. FORTRAN 77 users may use the non-portable syntax
where MPI_ADDRESS_KIND is a constant defined in mpif.h and gives the length of the declared integer in bytes.
Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.
Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job, except for I/O function errors. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler; the predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.