17.2.431. MPI_Win_create

MPI_Win_create - One-sided MPI call that returns a window object for RMA operations.

17.2.431.1. SYNTAX

17.2.431.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

MPI_Win_create(void *base, MPI_Aint size, int disp_unit,
     MPI_Info info, MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Win *win)

17.2.431.1.2. Fortran Syntax (see FORTRAN 77 NOTES)

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
     <type> BASE(*)

17.2.431.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Win_create(base, size, disp_unit, info, comm, win, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: disp_unit
     TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info
     TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
     TYPE(MPI_Win), INTENT(OUT) :: win


  • base: Initial address of window (choice).

  • size: Size of window in bytes (nonnegative integer).

  • disp_unit: Local unit size for displacements, in bytes (positive integer).

  • info: Info argument (handle).

  • comm: Communicator (handle).


  • win: Window object returned by the call (handle).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.431.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Win_create is a one-sided MPI communication collective call executed by all processes in the group of comm. It returns a window object that can be used by these processes to perform RMA operations. Each process specifies a window of existing memory that it exposes to RMA accesses by the processes in the group of comm. The window consists of size bytes, starting at address base. A process may elect to expose no memory by specifying size = 0.

If the base value used by MPI_Win_create was allocated by MPI_Alloc_mem, the size of the window can be no larger than the value set by the MPI_Alloc_mem function.

The displacement unit argument is provided to facilitate address arithmetic in RMA operations: the target displacement argument of an RMA operation is scaled by the factor disp_unit specified by the target process, at window creation.

The following info keys are supported:


If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the local window is never locked (by a call to MPI_Win_lock or MPI_Win_lock_all). Setting this value if only active synchronization may allow the implementation to enable certain optimizations.


By default, accumulate operations from one initiator to one target on the same window memory location are strictly ordered. If the info key accumulate_ordering is set to none, no ordering of accumulate operations guaranteed. They key can also be a comma-separated list of required orderings consisting of rar, war, raw, and waw for read-after-read, write-after-read, read-after-write, and write-after-write, respectively. Looser ordering constraints are likely to result in improved performance.


If set to same_op, the implementation will assume that all concurrent accumulate calls to the same target address will use the same operation. If set to same_op_no_op, then the implementation will assume that all concurrent accumulate calls to the same target address will use the same operation or MPI_NO_OP. The default is same_op_no_op.


If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the argument size is identical on all processes, and that all processes have provided this info key with the same value.


If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the argument disp_unit is identical on all processes, and that all processes have provided this info key with the same value.

17.2.431.5. NOTES

Common choices for disp_unit are 1 (no scaling), and (in C syntax) sizeof(type), for a window that consists of an array of elements of type type. The later choice will allow one to use array indices in RMA calls, and have those scaled correctly to byte displacements, even in a heterogeneous environment.

Use memory allocated by MPI_Alloc_mem to guarantee properly aligned window boundaries (such as word, double-word, cache line, page frame, and so on).

17.2.431.6. FORTRAN 77 NOTES

The MPI standard prescribes portable Fortran syntax for the SIZE argument only for Fortran 90. FORTRAN 77 users may use the non-portable syntax


where MPI_ADDRESS_KIND is a constant defined in mpif.h and gives the length of the declared integer in bytes.

17.2.431.7. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.