17.2.28. MPI_Bcast_init

MPI_Bcast, MPI_Ibcast - Broadcasts a message from the process with rank root to all other processes of the group.

17.2.28.1. SYNTAX

17.2.28.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Bcast(void *buffer, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype,
    int root, MPI_Comm comm)

int MPI_Ibcast(void *buffer, int count, MPI_Datatype datatype,
    int root, MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Request *request)

17.2.28.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_BCAST(BUFFER, COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, IERROR)
    <type>  BUFFER(*)
    INTEGER COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, IERROR

MPI_IBCAST(BUFFER, COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, REQUEST, IERROR)
    <type>  BUFFER(*)
    INTEGER COUNT, DATATYPE, ROOT, COMM, REQUEST, IERROR

17.2.28.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Bcast(buffer, count, datatype, root, comm, ierror)
    TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..) :: buffer
    INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: count, root
    TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: datatype
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
    INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

MPI_Ibcast(buffer, count, datatype, root, comm, request, ierror)
    TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), ASYNCHRONOUS :: buffer
    INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: count, root
    TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: datatype
    TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
    TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT(OUT) :: request
    INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

17.2.28.2. INPUT/OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • buffer: Starting address of buffer (choice).

  • count: Number of entries in buffer (integer).

  • datatype: Data type of buffer (handle).

  • root: Rank of broadcast root (integer).

  • comm: Communicator (handle).

17.2.28.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • request: Request (handle, non-blocking only).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.28.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Bcast broadcasts a message from the process with rank root to all processes of the group, itself included. It is called by all members of group using the same arguments for comm, root. On return, the contents of root’s communication buffer has been copied to all processes.

General, derived datatypes are allowed for datatype. The type signature of count, datatype on any process must be equal to the type signature o f count, datatype at the root. This implies that the amount of data sent must be equal to the amount received, pairwise between each process and the root. MPI_Bcast and all other data-movement collective routines make this restriction. Distinct type maps between sender and receiver are still allowed.

Example: Broadcast 100 ints from process 0 to every process in the group.

MPI_Comm comm;
int array[100];
int root=0;
//...
MPI_Bcast( array, 100, MPI_INT, root, comm);

As in many of our sample code fragments, we assume that some of the variables (such as comm in the example above) have been assigned appropriate values.

17.2.28.5. WHEN COMMUNICATOR IS AN INTER-COMMUNICATOR

When the communicator is an inter-communicator, the root process in the first group broadcasts data to all the processes in the second group. The first group defines the root process. That process uses MPI_ROOT as the value of its root argument. The remaining processes use MPI_PROC_NULL as the value of their root argument. All processes in the second group use the rank of that root process in the first group as the value of their root argument. The receive buffer arguments of the processes in the second group must be consistent with the send buffer argument of the root process in the first group.

17.2.28.6. NOTES

This function does not support the in-place option.

17.2.28.7. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.