18.2.375. MPI_Testsome

MPI_Testsome - Tests for completion of one or more previously initiated communications in a list.

18.2.375.1. SYNTAX

18.2.375.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Testsome(int incount, MPI_Request array_of_requests[],
     int *outcount, int array_of_indices[],
     MPI_Status array_of_statuses[])

18.2.375.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_TESTSOME(INCOUNT, ARRAY_OF_REQUESTS, OUTCOUNT,
             ARRAY_OF_INDICES, ARRAY_OF_STATUSES, IERROR)
     INTEGER INCOUNT, ARRAY_OF_REQUESTS(*)
     INTEGER OUTCOUNT, ARRAY_OF_INDICES(*)
     INTEGER ARRAY_OF_STATUSES(MPI_STATUS_SIZE,*), IERROR

18.2.375.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Testsome(incount, array_of_requests, outcount, array_of_indices,
             array_of_statuses, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: incount
     TYPE(MPI_Request), INTENT(INOUT) :: array_of_requests(incount)
     INTEGER, INTENT(OUT) :: outcount, array_of_indices(*)
     TYPE(MPI_Status) :: array_of_statuses(*)
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.375.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • incount: Length of array_of_requests (integer).

  • array_of_requests: Array of requests (array of handles).

18.2.375.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • outcount: Number of completed requests (integer).

  • array_of_indices: Array of indices of operations that completed (array of integers).

  • array_of_statuses: Array of status objects for operations that completed (array of status).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.375.4. DESCRIPTION

Behaves like MPI_Waitsome, except that it returns immediately.

Returns in outcount the number of requests from the list array_of_requests that have completed. Returns in the first outcount locations of the array array_of_indices the indices of these operations (index within the array array_of_requests; the array is indexed from 0 in C and from 1 in Fortran). Returns in the first outcount locations of the array array_of_status the status for these completed operations. If a request that completed was allocated by a nonblocking communication call, then it is deallocated, and the associated handle is set to MPI_REQUEST_NULL.

If no operation has completed it returns outcount = 0. If there is no active handle in the list, it returns outcount = MPI_UNDEFINED.

MPI_Testsome is a local operation, which returns immediately, whereas MPI_Waitsome blocks until a communication completes, if it was passed a list that contains at least one active handle. Both calls fulfill a fairness requirement: If a request for a receive repeatedly appears in a list of requests passed to MPI_Waitsome or MPI_Testsome, and a matching send has been posted, then the receive will eventually succeed unless the send is satisfied by another receive; send requests also fulfill this fairness requirement.

Errors that occur during the execution of MPI_Testsome are handled as for MPI_Waitsome.

If your application does not need to examine the array_of_statuses field, you can save resources by using the predefined constant MPI_STATUSES_IGNORE can be used as a special value for the array_of_statuses argument.

18.2.375.5. NOTES

The use of MPI_Testsome is likely to be more efficient than the use of MPI_Testany. The former returns information on all completed communications; with the latter, a new call is required for each communication that completes.

A server with multiple clients can use MPI_Waitsome so as not to starve any client. Clients send messages to the server with service requests. The server calls MPI_Waitsome with one receive request for each client, then handles all receives that have completed. If a call to MPI_Waitany is used instead, then one client could starve while requests from another client always sneak in first.

18.2.375.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.

For each invocation of MPI_Testsome, if one or more requests generate an MPI error, only the first MPI request that caused an error will be passed to its corresponding error handler. No other error handlers will be invoked (even if multiple requests generated errors). However, all requests that generate an error will have a relevant error code set in the corresponding status.MPI_ERROR field (unless MPI_STATUSES_IGNORE was used).

If the invoked error handler allows MPI_Testsome to return to the caller, the value MPI_ERR_IN_STATUS will be returned in the C and Fortran bindings.