17.2.327. MPI_Session_init

MPI_Session_init - Creates a new session handle

17.2.327.1. SYNTAX

17.2.327.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Session_init(MPI_Info info, MPI_Errhandler errhandler, MPI_Session *session)

17.2.327.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

MPI_SESSION_INIT(INFO, ERRHANDLER, SESSION, IERROR)
    INTEGER INFO, ERRHANDLER, SESSION, IERROR

17.2.327.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08

MPI_Session_init(info, errhandler, session, ierror)
    TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info
    TYPE(MPI_Errhandler), INTENT(IN) :: errhandler
    TYPE(MPI_Session), INTENT(OUT) :: session
    INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

17.2.327.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • info : info object (handle)

  • errhandler : error handler to be attached to the returned session (handle)

17.2.327.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • session : New session (handle).

  • IERROR : Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.327.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Session_init is used to instantiate an MPI Session. The returned session handle can be used to query the runtime system about characteristics of the job within which the process is running, as well as other system resources. An application can make multiple calls to MPI_Session_init and the related MPI_Session_finalize routine.

17.2.327.5. NOTES

The info argument is used to request MPI functionality requirements and possible MPI implementation specific capabilities.

The errhandler argument specifies an error handler to invoke in the event that the Session instantiation call encounters an error.

17.2.327.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.

See also

MPI_Session_get_num_psets MPI_Session_group_from_pset