18.2.384. MPI_Type_create_hindexed

MPI_Type_indexed, MPI_Type_create_hindexed - Creates an indexed datatype.

18.2.384.1. SYNTAX

18.2.384.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Type_indexed(int count, const int array_of_blocklengths[],
     const int array_of_displacements[], MPI_Datatype oldtype,
     MPI_Datatype *newtype)

int MPI_Type_create_hindexed(int count,
     const int array_of_blocklengths[],
     const MPI_Aint array_of_displacements[], MPI_Datatype oldtype,
     MPI_Datatype *newtype)

18.2.384.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'
MPI_TYPE_INDEXED(COUNT, ARRAY_OF_BLOCKLENGTHS,
             ARRAY_OF_DISPLACEMENTS, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR)
     INTEGER COUNT, ARRAY_OF_BLOCKLENGTHS(*)
     INTEGER ARRAY_OF_DISPLACEMENTS(*), OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE
     INTEGER IERROR

MPI_TYPE_CREATE_HINDEXED(COUNT, ARRAY_OF_BLOCKLENGTHS,
             ARRAY_OF_DISPLACEMENTS, OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE, IERROR)
     INTEGER COUNT, ARRAY_OF_BLOCKLENGTHS(*)
     INTEGER OLDTYPE, NEWTYPE
     INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND) ARRAY_OF_DISPLACEMENTS(*)
     INTEGER IERROR

18.2.384.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Type_indexed(count, array_of_blocklengths, array_of_displacements,
             oldtype, newtype, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: count, array_of_blocklengths(count),
     array_of_displacements(count)
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: oldtype
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(OUT) :: newtype
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

MPI_Type_create_hindexed(count, array_of_blocklengths,
             array_of_displacements, oldtype, newtype, ierror)
     INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: count, array_of_blocklengths(count)
     INTEGER(KIND=MPI_ADDRESS_KIND), INTENT(IN) ::
     array_of_displacements(count)
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: oldtype
     TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(OUT) :: newtype
     INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.384.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • count: Number of blocks – also number of entries in array_of_displacements and array_of_blocklengths (nonnegative integer).

  • array_of_blocklengths: Number of elements per block (array of nonnegative integers).

  • array_of_displacements: Displacement for each block, in multiples of oldtype extent for MPI_Type_indexed and bytes for MPI_Type_create_hindexed (array of integer for MPI_TYPE_INDEXED, array of MPI_Aint for MPI_TYPE_CREATE_HINDEXED).

  • oldtype: Old datatype (handle).

18.2.384.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • newtype: New datatype (handle).

  • IERROR: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.384.4. DESCRIPTION

The function MPI_Type_indexed allows replication of an old datatype into a sequence of blocks (each block is a concatenation of the old datatype), where each block can contain a different number of copies and have a different displacement. All block displacements are multiples of the old data type’s extent.

Example: Let oldtype have type map {(double, 0), (char, 8)}, with extent 16. Let B = (3, 1) and let D = (4, 0). A call to MPI_Type_indexed(2, B, D, oldtype, newtype) returns a datatype with type map

{(double, 64), (char, 72), (double, 80), (char, 88),
(double, 96), (char, 104),
(double, 0), (char, 8)}

That is, three copies of the old type starting at displacement 4 x 16 = 64, and one copy starting at displacement 0.

In general, assume that oldtype has type map

{(type(0), disp(0)), ..., (type(n-1), disp(n-1))},
with extent ex. Let B be the array_of_blocklength argument and D be the array_of_displacements argument. The newly created datatype has
n x S ^count-1
    i = 0           B[i]  entries:

    {(type(0), disp(0) + D[0]* ex), ...,
    (type(n-1), disp(n-1) + D[0]* ex), ...,
    (type(0), disp(0) + (D[0] + B[0]-1)* ex), ...,
    (type(n-1), disp(n-1) + (D[0]+ B[0]-1)* ex), ...,
    (type(0), disp(0) + D[count-1]* ex), ...,
    (type(n-1), disp(n-1) + D[count-1]* ex), ...,
    (type(0), disp(0) +  (D[count-1] + B[count-1] -1)* ex), ...,
    (type(n-1), disp(n-1) + (D[count-1] + B[count-1] -1)* ex)}

A call to MPI_Type_vector(count, blocklength, stride, oldtype, newtype) is equivalent to a call to MPI_Type_indexed(count, B, D, oldtype, newtype) where

    D[j] = j * stride, j = 0,..., count-1

and

    B[j] = blocklength, j = 0, .., count-1

The function MPI_Type_create_hindexed is identical to MPI_Type_indexed, except that block displacements in array_of_displacements are specified in bytes, rather than in multiples of the oldtype extent.

18.2.384.5. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.