17.2.434. MPI_Win_create_dynamic

MPI_Win_create_dynamic — One-sided MPI call that returns a window object for RMA operations.

17.2.434.1. SYNTAX

17.2.434.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

MPI_Win_create_dynamic(MPI_Info info, MPI_Comm comm, MPI_Win *win)

17.2.434.1.2. Fortran Syntax

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

17.2.434.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08
MPI_Win_create_dynamic(info, comm, win, ierror)
     TYPE(MPI_Info), INTENT(IN) :: info
     TYPE(MPI_Comm), INTENT(IN) :: comm
     TYPE(MPI_Win), INTENT(OUT) :: win


  • info: Info argument (handle).

  • comm: Communicator (handle).


  • win: Window object returned by the call (handle).

  • ierror: Fortran only: Error status (integer).

17.2.434.4. DESCRIPTION

MPI_Win_create_dynamic is a one-sided MPI communication collective call executed by all processes in the group of comm. It returns a window object without memory attached that can be used by these processes to perform RMA operations.

A window created with MPI_Win_create_dynamic requires the target_disp argument for all RMA communication functions to be the actual address at the target.

The following info keys are supported:


If set to true, then the implementation may assume that the local window is never locked (by a call to MPI_Win_lock or MPI_Win_lock_all). Setting this value if only active synchronization may allow the implementation to enable certain optimizations.


By default, accumulate operations from one initiator to one target on the same window memory location are strictly ordered. If the info key accumulate_ordering is set to none, no ordering of accumulate operations guaranteed. They key can also be a comma-separated list of required orderings consisting of rar, war, raw, and waw for read-after-read, write-after-read, read-after-write, and write-after-write, respectively. Looser ordering constraints are likely to result in improved performance.


If set to same_op, the implementation will assume that all concurrent accumulate calls to the same target address will use the same operation. If set to same_op_no_op, then the implementation will assume that all concurrent accumulate calls to the same target address will use the same operation or MPI_NO_OP. The default is same_op_no_op.

17.2.434.5. NOTES

Since dynamically attaching memory to a window is a local operation, one has to communicate the actual address at the target using MPI_Get_address and some communication.

Dynamic memory does not have any disp_unit associated and requires correct offset calculations with proper type handling.

17.2.434.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

  • MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.

  • MPI_ERRORS_ABORT An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.

  • MPI_ERRORS_RETURN Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.