18.2.31. MPI_Buffer_attach

MPI_Buffer_attach - Attaches a user-defined buffer for sending. SYNTAX C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Buffer_attach(void *buf, int size) Fortran Syntax

! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

    <type>  BUF(*)
    INTEGER SIZE, IERROR Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08

MPI_Buffer_attach(buffer, size, ierror)
    TYPE(*), DIMENSION(..), ASYNCHRONOUS :: buffer
    INTEGER, INTENT(IN) :: size

  • buf : Initial buffer address (choice).

  • size : Buffer size, in bytes (integer). OUTPUT PARAMETER

  • ierror : Fortran only: Error status (integer). DESCRIPTION

Provides to MPI a buffer in the user’s memory to be used for buffering outgoing messages. The buffer is used only by messages sent in buffered mode. Only one buffer can be attached to a process at a time. NOTES

The size given should be the sum of the sizes of all outstanding Bsends that you intend to have, plus MPI_BSEND_OVERHEAD bytes for each Bsend that you do. For the purposes of calculating size, you should use MPI_Pack_size. In other words, in the code

MPI_Buffer_attach( buf, size )
MPI_Bsend( ..., count=20, datatype=type1, ... );
MPI_Bsend( ..., count=40, datatype=type2, ... );

the value of size in the MPI_Buffer_attach call should be greater than the value computed by

MPI_Pack_size( 20, type1, comm, &s1 );
MPI_Pack_size( 40, type2, comm, &s2 );
size = s1 + s2 + 2 * MPI_BSEND_OVERHEAD;

MPI_BSEND_OVERHEAD gives the maximum amount of buffer space that may be used by the Bsend routines. This value is in mpi.h for C and mpif.h for Fortran. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_Init/MPI_Init_thread, after MPI_Finalize, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_Comm_set_errhandler on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_Comm_spawn/MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

  • MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.

  • MPI_ERRORS_ABORT An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator, window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it acts as if MPI_Abort was called on that communicator. If called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_Abort was called on a communicator containing the group of processes in the corresponding window or file. If called on a session, aborts only the local process.

  • MPI_ERRORS_RETURN Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers by calling:

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3.1 standard for more information.