18.2.168. MPI_Get_count

MPI_Get_count - Gets the number of top-level elements received.

18.2.168.1. SYNTAX

18.2.168.1.1. C Syntax

#include <mpi.h>

int MPI_Get_count(const MPI_Status *status, MPI_Datatype datatype,
    int *count)

18.2.168.1.2. Fortran Syntax

USE MPI
! or the older form: INCLUDE 'mpif.h'

MPI_GET_COUNT(STATUS, DATATYPE, COUNT, IERROR)
    INTEGER STATUS(MPI_STATUS_SIZE), DATATYPE, COUNT, IERROR

18.2.168.1.3. Fortran 2008 Syntax

USE mpi_f08

MPI_Get_count(status, datatype, count, ierror)
    TYPE(MPI_Status), INTENT(IN) :: status
    TYPE(MPI_Datatype), INTENT(IN) :: datatype
    INTEGER, INTENT(OUT) :: count
    INTEGER, OPTIONAL, INTENT(OUT) :: ierror

18.2.168.2. INPUT PARAMETERS

  • status : Return status of receive operation (status).

  • datatype : Datatype of each receive buffer element (handle).

18.2.168.3. OUTPUT PARAMETERS

  • count : Number of received elements (integer).

  • IERROR : Fortran only: Error status (integer).

18.2.168.4. DESCRIPTION

Returns the number of entries received. (We count entries, each of type datatype, not bytes.) The datatype argument should match the argument provided by the receive call that set the status variable. (As explained in Section 3.12.5 in the MPI-1 Standard, “Use of General Datatypes in Communication,” MPI_Get_count may, in certain situations, return the value MPI_UNDEFINED.)

The datatype argument is passed to MPI_Get_count to improve performance. A message might be received without counting the number of elements it contains, and the count value is often not needed. Also, this allows the same function to be used after a call to MPI_Probe.

18.2.168.5. NOTES

If the size of the datatype is zero, this routine will return a count of zero. If the amount of data in status is not an exact multiple of the size of datatype (so that count would not be integral), a count of MPI_UNDEFINED is returned instead.

18.2.168.6. ERRORS

Almost all MPI routines return an error value; C routines as the return result of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument.

Before the error value is returned, the current MPI error handler associated with the communication object (e.g., communicator, window, file) is called. If no communication object is associated with the MPI call, then the call is considered attached to MPI_COMM_SELF and will call the associated MPI error handler. When MPI_COMM_SELF is not initialized (i.e., before MPI_INIT / MPI_INIT_THREAD, after MPI_FINALIZE, or when using the Sessions Model exclusively) the error raises the initial error handler. The initial error handler can be changed by calling MPI_COMM_SET_ERRHANDLER on MPI_COMM_SELF when using the World model, or the mpi_initial_errhandler CLI argument to mpiexec or info key to MPI_COMM_SPAWN[_MULTIPLE]. If no other appropriate error handler has been set, then the MPI_ERRORS_RETURN error handler is called for MPI I/O functions and the MPI_ERRORS_ABORT error handler is called for all other MPI functions.

In the sessions model, the error handler can be set during MPI_Session_init.

Open MPI includes three predefined error handlers that can be used:

MPI_ERRORS_ARE_FATAL: Causes the program to abort all connected MPI processes.
MPI_ERRORS_ABORT:     An error handler that can be invoked on a communicator,
                      window, file, or session. When called on a communicator, it
                      acts as if MPI_ABORT was called on that communicator. If
                      called on a window or file, acts as if MPI_ABORT was called
                      on a communicator containing the group of processes in the
                      corresponding window or file. If called on a session,
                      aborts only the local process.
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN:    Returns an error code to the application.

MPI applications can also implement their own error handlers.

Custom MPI error handlers can be created by calling: MPI_Comm_create_errhandler(3) MPI_File_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_create_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_create_errhandler(3)

Predefined and custom error handlers can be set by calling: MPI_Comm_set_errhandler(3) MPI_File_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Session_set_errhandler(3) MPI_Win_set_errhandler(3)

Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error.

See the MPI man page for a full list of MPI error codes.

See the Error Handling section of the MPI-3 standard for more information.

If the value to be returned is larger than can fit into the count parameter, an MPI_ERR_TRUNCATE error is raised.

See also

MPI_Get_elements