10.7. Launching with Slurm
Open MPI supports two modes of launching parallel MPI jobs under Slurm:
Using Open MPI’s full-features
Using Slurm’s “direct launch” capability.
Unless there is a strong reason to use
srun for direct launch, the
Open MPI team recommends using
mpirun for launching under Slurm jobs.
In versions of Open MPI prior to 5.0.x, using
direct launch could be faster than using
mpirun. This is no
mpirun is launched in a Slurm job,
automatically utilize the Slurm infrastructure for launching and
controlling the individual MPI processes.
Hence, it is unnecessary to specify the
-n options to
mpirun is the recommended method for launching Open
MPI jobs in Slurm jobs.
mpirun’s Slurm support should always be available, regardless
of how Open MPI or Slurm was installed.
# Allocate a Slurm job with 4 slots shell$ salloc -n 4 salloc: Granted job allocation 1234 # Now run an Open MPI job on all the slots allocated by Slurm shell$ mpirun mpi-hello-world
This will run the 4 MPI processes on the node(s) that were allocated by Slurm.
Or, if submitting a script:
shell$ cat my_script.sh #!/bin/sh mpirun mpi-hello-world shell$ sbatch -n 4 my_script.sh srun: jobid 1235 submitted shell$
Similar to the
salloc case, no command line options specifying
number of MPI processes were necessary, since Open MPI will obtain
that information directly from Slurm at run time.
10.7.2. Using Slurm’s “direct launch” functionality
Assuming that Slurm installed its Open MPI plugin, you can use
srun to “direct launch” Open MPI applications without the use of
Using direct launch can be slightly faster when launching
very, very large MPI processes (i.e., thousands or millions of MPI
processes in a single job). But it has significantly fewer
features than Open MPI’s
First, you must ensure that Slurm was built and installed with PMI-2 support.
Please ask your friendly neighborhood Slurm developer to support PMIx. PMIx is the current generation of run-time support API; PMI-2 is the legacy / antiquated API. Open MPI only supports PMI-2 for Slurm.
Next, ensure that Open MPI was configured
DIR is the path to the directory where Slurm’s
Open MPI applications can then be launched directly via the
command. For example:
shell$ srun -N 4 mpi-hello-world
Or you can use
sbatch with a script:
shell$ cat my_script.sh #!/bin/sh srun mpi-hello-world shell$ sbatch -N 4 my_script.sh srun: jobid 1235 submitted shell$
mpirun inside of an
sbatch batch script, no
srun command line options specifying number of processes were
sbatch set all the relevant Slurm-level
parameters about number of processes, cores, partition, etc.
10.7.3. Slurm 20.11
There were some changes in Slurm behavior that were introduced in Slurm 20.11.0 and subsequently reverted out in Slurm 20.11.3.
SchedMD (the makers of Slurm) strongly suggest that all Open MPI users avoid using Slurm versions 20.11.0 through 20.11.2.
Indeed, you will likely run into problems using just about any version of Open MPI these problematic Slurm releases.
Please either downgrade to an older version or upgrade to a newer version of Slurm.