12.8. Using MPIR-based tools with Open MPI

The legacy MPIR specification is the specification of an interface that debuggers and others tools can use to obtain the PID, hostname, and executable name for each MPI application process.

This specification has been replaced by the PMIx tools API that is part of the OpenPMIx project.

Debuggers and tools which use the legacy MPIR specification can continue functioning correctly with the MPIR shim module described in this section.

12.8.1. Obtaining Application Process Mapping Information

The MPIR shim module is a stand-alone module which can be used by debuggers and tools that still utilize the legacy MPIR interface to attach to parallel MPI applications. The debugger or tool launches the shim module as an intermediate process between it and the application’s mpirun(1) command.

The MPIR shim module implements the MPIR_Breakpoint function, as a hook where debuggers and tools can set a breakpoint to read the MPIR processing mapping when it is available.

Instructions for use of the shim module are available at https://github.com/hpc/mpir-to-pmix-guide/blob/master/README.md.

You may need to build this shim module before you can use it. The source code for this module can be downloaded from MPIR to PMIx Shim repository.

Once you have the MPIR shim module built and installed, follow the instructions included with the debugger or tool to tell it where to find the MPIR shim module.

12.8.2. Building the MPIR Shim Module

Here is an example shell script that builds the MPIR shim module — you may need to customize it for your specific environment:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

set -euxo pipefail

cd $HOME
mkdir -p git
cd git

git clone https://github.com/hpc/mpir-to-pmix-guide.git
cd mpir-to-pmix-guide

# PMIX_ROOT must be set to your PMIx install root directory
# (which may be the same as your Open MPI installation directory)
if test -z "$PMIX_ROOT" -o ! -d "$PMIX_ROOT"; then
    echo "Set the env variable PMIX_ROOT to the location of your PMIx installation"
    exit 1

./configure --prefix=$HOME/MPIR --with-pmix=$PMIX_ROOT
make install

12.8.3. Verification of MPIR shim functionality using Open MPI

Once installed, you may want to verify that the MPIR shim is functioning correctly. Below is a shell script that builds and runs a trivial MPI application, and tests the MPIR shim with it. Just like the prior shell script example, this script may need to be adapted for your environment.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

set -euxo pipefail

# This script assumes the same directories and locations as the
# prior script.

# Add the previously-installed MPIR shim into PATH and
# LD_LIBRARY_PATH (we assume that all relevant Open MPI / PMIx /
# etc. values already exist in PATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH)
export PATH=$HOME/MPIR/bin:$PATH

cat > testprog.c <<EOF
#include <mpi.h>
#include <unistd.h>
int main(int argc, char **argv) {
    MPI_Init(&argc, &argv);
    return 0;
mpicc -o testprog testprog.c

# Test the shim in proxy mode.
# Manually verify that displayed process mapping is correct.
$BUILD_DIR/test/mpirshim_test mpirun -n 2 ./testprog

# Launch mpirun for attach test and get its PID
mpirun -n 2 ./testprog &
# Test shim attach mode.
# Manually verify that displayed process mapping is correct.
$BUILD_DIR/test/mpirshim_test -c $PID